AIDS has become one of the three major killers of human life and health. The destructive power of AIDS to human health has made many people talk about AIDS.
But there is no denying that there are many misconceptions about AIDS.
These things about AIDS, you know?
Saliva, sharing tableware…
Can you get HIV
In daily life, many people worry about being infected with HIV without knowing it.
According to The capital Medical University affiliated hospital Of Beijing Ditan Hospital infectious disease diagnosis and treatment center chief physician Zhao Hongxin introduced, in fact, the spread of AIDS only three ways, namely sexual transmission, blood transmission, mother-to-child transmission.
There is evidence that HIV is not transmitted through contact, tears, sweat or saliva, and without blood there is no risk of infection.
Therefore, HIV does not infect people in the following ways:
Breathe the same air as hiv-positive patients;
Touching a toilet or door handle after being HIV positive;
Hug, kiss or shake hands with someone living with HIV.
Sharing tableware with people living with HIV;
Share exercise equipment at the gym.
Will you die soon after being infected with HIV
The fear of AIDS stems in large part from its high mortality rate.
However, the incubation period varies among people living with HIV, with some becoming ill within a few months and others living with HIV for decades and even life expectancy.
To be exact, the death rate of AIDS without treatment is 100 percent, but current antiviral treatment has greatly reduced the death rate of AIDS and prolonged the lives of patients.
Can the mother be HIV positive and have children at ease
Mother-to-child transmission is mainly perinatal transmission, the child may be through friction, contact with amniotic fluid and blood when passing through the birth canal and is transmitted through breastfeeding.
The method that avoid is, the first do not give a child to eat breast milk, the 2nd can caesarean section, the 3rd take antivirals, make the virus in mother blood reduces to the lowest, the virus of birth canal can drop from 25% to 2%.
Can AIDS be cured
So far, THERE is no cure for AIDS.
Take note, these people
Zhao Hongxin, chief physician of infectious Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Center, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Capital Medical University, pointed out that:
There are recurrent ulcers in the mouth, or some white spots, rotten corners of the mouth, these symptoms should also be considered when there is a possibility of HIV infection.
If you have a persistent fever that cannot be explained by a common cold infection, you should also consider the possibility of HIV infection.
(3) Memory loss and inattention at a young age may be signs of HIV infection,
(4) persistent diarrhea.
Inexplicable weight loss at a young age.
These situations, and high-risk behavior should be timely detection.
How to prevent AIDS effectively
There are three ways to spread AIDS, and the following preventive measures can be taken:
Prevent transmission by sexual contact
Abiding by sexual morality, fixed sexual partners and safe sex are effective measures to prevent the transmission of AIDS by sexual means.
The correct use of quality condoms can reduce the risk of HIV infection.
Got venereal or suspect to have venereal should as early as possible to appoint medical establishment or regular hospital examination, treatment.
Prevent transmission through blood
Keep away from drugs, resist drugs.
Drugs are a hotbed for the spread of AIDS. Drug users like to inject drugs intravenously or subcutaneously, and the needles used for injecting drugs often contain HIV, which becomes an important way for the transmission of AIDS.
(2) do not accept HIV antibody test without qualified blood, blood products and organs;
Do not use a syringe that has not been strictly sterilized;
(4) Do not share syringes and razors with others.
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission
Women infected with HIV should avoid pregnancy;
Once pregnant, the termination of pregnancy should be considered under the guidance of a doctor.
Those who choose to continue their pregnancy should take measures such as antiviral intervention and cesarean delivery to interrupt transmission, and avoid breastfeeding newborns after delivery.