With more vaccine doses than the confirmed total, the mutant virus remains a challenge

The global CoviD-19 outbreak continues to spread, with more than 106 million confirmed cases.
At the same time, the global vaccination of the new crown vaccine was further advanced, with a cumulative total of 131 million doses.
According to the statistics of Johns Hopkins University, as of 17:23 on February 8, 2021, more than 106.1 million cases of CoviD-19 have been confirmed worldwide, and more than 2.317 million deaths have been recorded.
More than 3.2 million new cases were confirmed worldwide in the past week, with about 90,000 new deaths.
The number of new confirmed cases worldwide fell for four weeks in a row, and the pace of the epidemic continued to slow down.
The weekly number of new deaths declined after rising for four consecutive weeks.
According to Bloomberg, as of 5:18 am on February 8, 2021, more than 131 million doses of the new crown vaccine have been administered globally.
“It is good news that a remarkable achievement has been achieved in such a short time.”
WHO Director-General Tedros Tedros said February 5.
The light at the end of the tunnel seems to be on the horizon, but the unequal distribution of vaccines and the spread of mutated viruses around the world have cast a shadow over the new crown vaccine and anti-pandemic efforts.
The global rate of confirmed cases continues to slow
According to the Washington Post, the number of new confirmed cases in most parts of the world in the past week as of February 8 was down significantly from the previous week.
Sub-Saharan Africa and North America (excluding the United States) had the largest declines, of 23 and 22 per cent, respectively.
In the United States, East Asia and Oceania, Central and South Asia, South America, and Europe (including Russia), the decrease rates were 19%, 16%, 13%, 12% and 11% respectively.
Only the Middle East and North Africa saw a month-on-month increase in the number of new confirmed cases, up 3% from the previous week.
The United States still has the highest cumulative number of confirmed cases and deaths in the world.
As of Feb. 8, more than 27 million cases had been confirmed in the United States, according to the New York Times outbreak statistics.
The cumulative number of deaths is 463,000.
In addition, India and Brazil have the second and third highest cumulative number of confirmed cases globally.
Brazil and Mexico are second and third respectively in terms of cumulative deaths.
Hundreds of millions of vaccinations have been administered, but inequality remains
As of February 8, 131 million doses of the new crown vaccine had been administered in 73 countries and territories, more than the total number of confirmed cases, according to a Bloomberg tally.
That number is growing at an average rate of about 4.69 million doses per day.
At the current rate of vaccination, it would take at least 6.7 years for the world to reach the two-dose 75 percent coverage target, according to a Bloomberg analysis.
Although many countries and regions around the world are actively promoting vaccination programs, the “vaccination gap” caused by the unequal distribution of vaccines remains severe.
Israel leads the world with an average vaccination rate of 61.27 doses per 100 people, but many countries have yet to reach zero.
Tan Desai said on February 5 that unfair distribution of new crown vaccines worldwide would have a serious impact, Xinhua reported.
While global vaccination volumes have now exceeded the number of people infected, more than three-quarters of all vaccinations have taken place in 10 countries that account for nearly 60% of global gross domestic product, while nearly 130 countries with 2.5 billion people have yet to receive even a single dose of the new crown vaccine.
Tedseh called for countries to share new crown vaccines once they have been vaccinated in priority populations, while crown vaccine manufacturers should also significantly scale up production and share their data and technology once they receive significant public funding to ensure equitable global access to vaccines.
China is actively promoting the accessibility and affordability of vaccines in developing countries.
China provides vaccine assistance to 53 developing countries, including Pakistan, and has exported or is exporting vaccines to 22 countries, Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said at a regular press briefing on February 8.
China has also taken an active part in the WHO’s “New Crown Vaccine Implementation Plan” and decided to provide 10 million doses of vaccine to the implementation plan, mainly for developing countries.
Vaccination and the “Race” of Mutated Viruses
In addition, the mutant novel coronavirus is continuing to spread around the world, posing challenges to existing vaccines and prevention measures.
Meanwhile, vaccine developers are experimenting with new versions of the mutated virus.
The longer it takes to vaccinate the world’s riskiest populations, the greater the chance that novel coronavirus will mutate and “evade the vaccine,” WHO Director-General Tedder Tedder said February 5.
“If we don’t contain the virus all over the world, we’ll be right back where we started.”
According to Sky News on February 2, British health experts have observed a new mutation in a previously reported sample of a variant called Novel Coronavirus that may help the virus evade attack by the body’s immune system.
Three novel coronavirus variants have been confirmed in 20 countries in the Americas, Xinhua reported, according to a communique issued by the Pan American Health Organization Wednesday.
A mutant novel coronavirus found in the UK is spreading rapidly in the US, with the number of new cases doubling every 9.8 days, according to a study released Thursday.
In the face of the strain caused by the mutated virus and other factors, many countries have shown a more cautious attitude.
French Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Castet said Thursday that the mutant novel Coronavirus poses a “real threat” to France and that it is not time to relax anti-epidemic measures.
Japan on February 2nd extended a state of emergency in ten prefectures, including Tokyo and Osaka, until March 7th.
Mr. Zahavi, the U.K. ‘s vaccination official, said in an interview that the Novel Coronavirus vaccine would most likely need to be given every year.
This is partly in response to concerns about the effectiveness of existing vaccines.
A new coronavirus vaccine developed by the University of Oxford in collaboration with AstraZeneca has only “minimal” protection against mild to moderate infections reported in South Africa, Xinhua reported Monday.
Subsequently, the South African government announced on 7 days to suspend the start of vaccination of the vaccine.
A trial was launched in the UK on Thursday to “mix” the Pfizer-Biontech and Oxford-AstraZeneca new crown vaccines in a two-dose course to assess whether they can induce an “enhanced” immune response and protect against mutated viruses.
Stephen Bansell, chief executive of Modena, also said that researchers would continue to develop a vaccine against the new variant.
Sarah Gilbert, professor of vaccinology at the Jenner Institute for Vaccination at Oxford University, said Oxford and AstraZeneca had already begun making changes to the vaccine, aiming to have a modified version of the virus found in South Africa by autumn.
According to Gilbert, current research on mutated viruses is much like the flu vaccine process, in which new ingredients are added to previous flu vaccines each year based on research into new strains.

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