Viruses found in the ocean that kill bacteria

What do you think of when it comes to viruses? Most people think about rhinoviruses, polioviruses, influenza viruses, and so on, which invade our bodies and reproduce quickly, and eventually lead to our illness.
So you think there’s only a virus on land? Of course not, in the ocean, there are about 10 million viruses per milliliter of water!
In an interesting report released Wednesday by nature, scientists from MIT and Albert Einstein Medical School said they found a new virus, the virus we have never seen before – the virus without tail.
The researchers collected water samples from the Massachusetts coast and then bred the virus found in it with an ocean bacterium called Vibrionaceae. The researchers then analyzed DNA from 200 viruses that had successfully infected other bacteria, and found that 18 were not seen before and none of them had a “tail.”.
They then released new groups of viruses to 300 marine bacteria and compared the damage caused by the new group and the caudate virus. The result is shocking, although the virus only accounts for 10% of the total virus, it kills 40% of the bacteria!
Further analysis also shows that the genome of the virus free is smaller than that of other viruses: the general virus genome consists of 4000 to 5000 bases, while the genome consists of 10000 bases!
This surprised the researchers, who, Polz and his team, suspected that the new virus group was not unique in the ocean and could be common in human life.
The researchers say the viruses have some connection with viruses previously found in animals and eukaryotes, such as algae, and they can have an impact on the human intestinal microbiota.
They named the virus autolykiviridae, and the source of the name was also interesting. Autolycus is a very elusive character in Greek mythology. It is very suitable to describe the new virus by such a name.
Most of the viruses we know about the oceans and the land are double stranded DNA viruses, all of which have the “tail” of the bacteria, but the new species has no tail, which is really elusive to scientists.
The powerful power of the virus makes it easy to kill marine bacteria. It is undeniable that the natural object is compatible with each other. But we should also know that not all viruses are in equal status, and what we now know is the tip of the iceberg.

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