Popular science: novel coronavirus has what effect on children

What are the differences in symptoms between children infected with novel coronavirus and adults?
How does the mutant novel coronavirus affect children?
How can people take measures to protect children’s safety?
Experts from the World Health Organization have recently made a podcast to answer these questions.

According to Maria van Kerkhov, WHO’s technical director for Novel Coronavirus, people of different ages behave differently when they are infected with it.
After most people infect novel coronavirus can appear fever and cough, sore throat, sneeze wait for respiratory tract symptom, some people still can appear malfunction of smell, taste and gastrointestinal tract symptom to wait.
But children and adolescents tend to have milder symptoms than adults.
Younger children, for example, usually don’t have as many symptoms as adults. Some children may have mild gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea or vomiting. Most children won’t even have any symptoms.

For the global report found a mutation of novel coronavirus, van kerkerhoff said, the virus mutation is expected, many mutations on the virus transmission ability and the severity of the disease caused by no impact, but some “need to pay attention to the virus variants” worth further study.
So far, none of these mutant novel coronaviruses have been shown to cause more severe disease in people of all ages, she said.
The study showed that the variant found in the UK was more transmissible in all age groups, but that children were no more likely to be infected than adults.

The best way to protect children from a new pandemic is to prevent infection, van Kelkerkhoff said.
The same precautions people often hear about apply to children.
Make sure your child practices hand hygiene by learning to wash their hands properly with soap and water. This can be done by singing to make sure they lather up enough to really wash their hands, or by using an alcohol-based hand gel.
Make sure your child pays attention to hygiene, such as coughing and sneezing inside the bent elbow, which is also a good habit to develop as a child grows up.
Make sure children follow local health department guidelines and wear age-appropriate masks;
Wear the mask correctly with clean hands and cover your nose and mouth. Wash your hands after removing the mask.
Keeping a social distance from others is a good way to prevent the spread of novel coronavirus.

Parents should also try to answer their children’s questions as much as possible, says van Kelkerkhoff. Confusing information can cause children to panic, so take the time to talk to them and allay their fears by answering their questions correctly.

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